Migration in Australia

Migration in Australia

At the beginning of every financial year, the migration program for the next year is announced by the Minister. There are general planning levels or system numbers which incorporate the candidates applying from abroad and inside Australia. For instance in the 2001-2002 period the aggregate family visas were 38,080, however this amount rose for the period 2006-2007 to 45,290. This increase in the visas’ number is a clear indication of the change in demographics in Australia, which is coupled with increase in population and the lenient government policy towards migration. When comparing the same period for skilled migration in Australia, there were 53,520 visas in 2001-2002 and there were 97,000 skilled visas in 2006-2007 period. This depicts a vast difference of the skilled workers’ migration, compared to the families that moved to Australia. Likewise, when the humanitarian visas granted were analyzed, there was an increase in 2001-2002 to 2006-2007 with 9,960 to 13,000 visas respectively. The finance ministry of the country has forecasted a further increase in both non-humanitarian and humanitarian programs. The migration affect on wages is also forecasted to be high. The migration allowed every year is regulated by the government. The number of visas that may be permitted in any visa class in a financial year is determined by the Minister, who can impose limitation on it as well. However, the limitation imposed by the Minister can be limited for a year and must be notified in the Gazette Notice. An audit of the Attorney General’s register as of June 2008 uncovered that limitations for 2007-2008 have been entered in the Gazette only for contributory parents and contributory aged parents’ visas. In 2006-2007, the visas for parents were limited at 700 places and the aged parent visas were limited at 300. The Department is lawfully kept from allowing any visas once the limit for visa grant has been reached for that financial year. The excess applications of visas are queued for next year, which is called as the cap and queue system. This implies that there could be extensive defers in giving a few visas, for instance, the non-contributory guardian visas can take even up to 19 years to grant. The law keeps the Minister from putting a cap on the amount of visas allowed on the grounds of being a companion/spouse or a dependent kid of an Australian permanent citizen or resident. Likewise, the government grants power to the minister to stop all processing of visa provisions once the maximum limit has been reached. This is called as ‘cap and terminate provision’, however it has not often been utilized. Source: http://www.researchomatic.com/net-migration-effect-on-wages-156678.html

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